Understanding Dog Play

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Understanding Dog Play


All too often, dog owners misread the language of dogs interacting with one another. They confuse innocent play as dangerous fighting and separate the dogs before they have actually started playing. They do not recognise a play bow as an invitation to play or often do not realise that what is actually aggressive behaviour that should be stopped. It is most important for dog owners to learn and recognise what dogs are saying to each other through their play.
Play bowing is a clear signal of an invitation to play. Lowering the front half of the body with the rear in the air and standing still is a play bow gesture. When dogs want to play they often start with a play bow to tell the other dog, “I want to be your friend” and what follows is meant in fun. “I can jump on your back but it should not be taken as a threat or aggression.” Dogs also invite other dogs to play by barking, pawing at them or jumping on the other dog.
Dog-to-dog play is a series of active and repetitive behaviours (Play) that have different meanings depending on the situation. They may not want to play on a walk or when the stranger comes into its property but be keen to play at the dog park. Play helps dogs develop important life skills and experiences that promote good physical and mental health.
Because play relies on the ability to read vocal and body signals, dogs that do not have the opportunity to play are usually deficient when it comes to communicating and identifying these signals. Play is, after all, a mock battle, so dogs that tend to play rudely, body slamming, mouthing too hard, mounting and generally causing mayhem can provoke negative reactions in others and lead to a fight,
About Dog Play
•Play begins in puppyhood and helps puppies develop good coordination while allowing them to practice a series of exaggerated behaviours that promote social ease.
*Most young dogs learn how to play from their peers or their elders, but some, due to lack of social experience or because they are simply hardwired to be rude, do not back down.
•If a dog is pushy or plays too rough, the dog should not interact with other dogs until he is calm and ready to play nicely.
• Using a long line to retain control and an ability to call the dog back before things get too rowdy will give him time to calm down before reintroducing him back into the group.
•Appropriate play sometimes looks very rough but human intervention is usually not needed.
•Conflict is avoided as long as each dog allows the other to win and lose the game. The more aroused dogs become, however, the more likely it is that a mock battle turns into something more serious.
•Good players are confident and actively seek out other dogs to play with, maintaining order during play by using clear signals so that other dogs do not become too aroused or overwhelmed.
Most dogs play safely with each other by relying on a series of cut off signals that communicate their peaceful intentions. Play bows, and displacement behaviours such as sniffing, sneezing, yawning, itching and licking occur for brief moments throughout play to communicate that any future action is still just play.
Bottom Line
The beauty of play is that for most dogs the desire to interact with others in such a manner continues into adulthood.
Play works well when both dogs know the rules, maintain a low level of arousal and are willing to win and lose the game.
Play might become quite vocal and this is usually ok unless the level of vocalizations increase and/or one dog is giving appeasement signals and trying to get away. If the other dog recognizes these signals and backs off, there is a good understanding between players, but if the signals are ignored, human intervention is usually needed by guiding the dog around the owner’s back once or twice to calm him down before extending the long line in an effort to re-engage into play mode.
Understanding how dogs play ensures that play remains a fun and healthy activity for everyone.

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